A rich and stunning land ,Tibet
, is placed at the core part of Qinghai-Tibetian highland, south-West frontier of China. Bordering with Sichuan, Yuannan, Qinghai and Xinjiang, to the south, Tibet is contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and surrounded by Kashmir on the west. The region covers an area of around 1.22 million km2, which accounts for 12.8% of the total of China.
Tibet was previously named the "land of snow" since Tibet is always covered with snow with hardly any signs of settlement. The greatest range are located in Ima and the Tisi.The striking snow covered peaks against the bluest of skies are a sight to behold. Also, there are hundreds of lakes, rivers, springs, waterfalls, etc. The most eye-catching ones are Yarlung River, Lhasa River, Namtso Lake, Yamdrok Lake, Manasarovar Lake, Basum tso Lake Lhamo Latso Lake, etc.
The normal temperature in Tibet is about 8°C,but the lowest temperature can fall to -16°C and the highest temperature comes up to 16°C. The regular temperature drops below 0°C and the freezing season can last half of the year in the north of Tibet. January is the driest and coldest month at -9 °C. Its maximum temperature in July does't rise above 10°C with more rainfall in the night during the rainy season and strong winds in winter. Between May and September the country has the rainy season.
The inhabitants of Tibet are Tibetans, Menpa, Luopa, Han Chinese, Hui, Sherpa, and a few Deng. Among them, the Tibetans are the main inhabitants, since 92 percent of the regional population is Tibetan. Usually, the Tibetans speak Tibetan but they can also speak Chinese pretty well, as they must learn it at school. Still many Tibetan people who did not study Chinese at school, such as monks, understand only their own language.
The most important festival in Tibet is Tibetan New Year, Lhosar. It is an occasion when Tibetan families come together and anticipate a better coming year. Some of the important festivals celebrated there are Monlam, Chunga Choepa, Saga Dawa and many more